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Design and Analysis of Wideband Planar Monopole Antennas Using the Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm

Two planar monopole antennas with wide impedance bandwidth are designed. A full-wave method of moment (MoM) based on the electric field integral equation (EFIE) is applied to analyze the impedance bandwidth and radiation performance of the monopoles.

Meanwhile, the multilevel fast multipole algorithm (MLFMA) is employed to reduce the memory requirements and computational time. Experimental results such as the impedance bandwidth and radiation patterns are also presented. The good agreement between the experimental and numerical results well demonstrates the efficiency and accuracy of the MLFMA code.

Both the experimental and numerical results show that the two planar monopole antennas possess good input impedance and radiation performance over the AMPS, GSM900, and DCS band. As the proposed antennas can achieve such wide impedance bandwidth with relatively low profile, they are very suitable for multi-band mobile communication systems.
Source: JPIER
Author: Y. Chen, S. Yang, S. He, and Z. Nie

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