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Embedded NMR Sensor to Monitor Compressive Strength Development and Pore Size Distribution in Hydrating Concrete

ABSTRACT

In cement-based materials porosity plays an important role in determining their mechanical and transport properties. This paper describes an improved low–cost embeddable miniature NMR sensor capable of non-destructively measuring Continue reading

Fixed-Base Comb with Window-Non-Adjacent Form (NAF) Method for Scalar Multiplication

ABSTRACT

Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) is one of the most promising public-key techniques in terms of short key size and various crypto protocols. For this reason, many studies on the implementation of ECC on resource-constrained devices within a practical execution Continue reading

sBCI-Headset—Wearable and Modular Device for Hybrid Brain-Computer Interface

ABSTRACT

Severely disabled people, like completely paralyzed persons either with tetraplegia or similar disabilities who cannot use their arms and hands, are often considered as a user group of Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI). In order to achieve high acceptance Continue reading

Online Sensor Fault Detection based on an Improved Strong Tracking Filter

ABSTRACT

We propose a method for online sensor fa ult detection that is based on the evolving Strong Tracking Filter (STCKF). The cubature rule is used to estimate states to improve the accuracy of making estimates in a nonlinear case. A residual is the difference Continue reading

RESTful Discovery and Eventing for Service Provisioning in Assisted Living Environments

ABSTRACT

Service provisioning in assisted living environments faces distinct challenges due to the heterogeneity of networks, access technology, and sensing/actuation devices in such an environment. Existing solutions, such as SOAP-based web services, Continue reading

A Novel Sensor System for Measuring Wheel Loads of Vehicles on Highways

ABSTRACT

With the development of the highway transportation and business trade, vehicle Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) technology has become a key technology for measuring traffic loads. In this paper a novel WIM system base d on monitoring of pavement strain responses Continue reading

Real-Time Monitoring of Water Content in Sandy Soil Using Shear Mode Piezoceramic Transducers and Active Sensing—A Feasibility Study

ABSTRACT

A quantitative understanding of soil water content or soil water status is of great importance to many applications, such as landslide monitoring, rockfill dam health monitoring, precision agriculture, etc. In this paper, a feasibility study was conducted Continue reading

A Reliable and Real-Time Tracking Method with Color Distribution

ABSTRACT

Occlusion is a challenging problem in visual tracking. Therefore, in recent years, many trackers have been explored to solve this problem, but most of them cannot track the target in real time because of the heavy computational cost. A spatio-temporal Continue reading

A Monitoring System for Vegetable Greenhouses based on a Wireless Sensor Network

ABSTRACT

A wireless sensor network-based automatic monitoring system is designed for monitoring the life conditions of green house vegetables. The complete system architecture includes a group of sensor nodes, a base station, and an internet data center. For the design Continue reading

Energy Harvesting Chip and the Chip based Power Supply Development for a Wireless Sensor Network

ABSTRACT

In this study, an energy harvesting chip was developed to scavenge energy from artificial light to charge a wireless sensor node. The chip core is a miniature transformer with a nano-ferrofluid magnetic core. The chip embedded transformer can convert Continue reading

Energy Efficient Strategy for Throughput Improvement in Wireless Sensor Networks

ABSTRACT

Network lifetime and throughput are one of the prime concerns while designing routing protocols for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, most of the existing schemes are either geared towards prolonging network lifetime or improving Continue reading